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 ʶٻẺѧҹ ʶٻѡɳоᵡҧҡѧ ѡɳЦѧ˭ պѧ ʹѵ÷ŧ١ Цѧ͹Ѻѹ ԧѧҡẺ仨ҡԹ¹ͧ Ẻ仵ȡҪ ѡҹŻǴèѧ Żѧ蹹ŻẺǴҡ ¹ٹҧ͹Ҹ

ʶٻ਴ŻǴ
 ѵʵѧҧ ȡҪ觾Թоطʹѧҹ ԪҪҹҹ 㹤ǧѹ֡һѵѧҾйԪ çҪǡѺоطҷçѺѹԹԾҹ աѵ׺ա ͧ ֧֧ѵͧ¡ѺȡҪ ҹе

 ѧҡ·Ԫʴäǡաѵ׺աҹ ʹҾطѧҪҹҹ ѧִԹҹҷҧ蹤 ѧҡŻǴѧҷٹҧ͹Ҹй(ջѭҴҹԷԾŢͧŻ͹Ҹѧ ѹ¡ѺǴԹ è繼ԷԾ ͷʧ¤ ʧԹҹҷҨеԴ͡ѹ繻Ш Фѹá ѷ͹ҸйҨѹѺԹᴹҧ֡ҡ ѧࡵҾоطٻ͹ҪТѴҸҺ ¡礧ҧ¹蹵¤ػС »С ҷǨͺоطٻҷءԹ Һԧ оطٻ¤ػ» ǹѴҸྪä ҷ ˵䩹·Ǵբͧҫ觹ٻẺŻФػͧͷ¡¸ؾó  ѹŻлШ֧¹繢ѴҸྪ 蹤ФẺ͹Ҹѧ˹蹤͹ ͧʴҧѴԷԾŢͧԹҹѧçҧüѹ ѧõԴ͡ѺѧҹҨҧԹ仪˹ ·¡Żͧ ͻҳطȵɷ - ԹᴹҾ мѹ仹Ѻҹ еҹҹԷԾŢͧҹͺҧ Ҥҧ١ҳҨѡԪ«ҹ ҤѹʧҹͧҳҨѡþء Ҥѹ͡ҳҨѡùǧ ҹԡҹ٪Ѻ¾Ҫѹ 繵 Żк¹ͧù Żҹ ҧ˹ͤҳҨѡح¹鹡ҳҨѡҹ պѹ֡㹾Ǵþء (ѷ) ʧѪҹҹ ǡ Ҩҡҧѹ͡§˹ 觡çҳҨѡح¹ͧ ҳҨѡ觹ҨеԴ͡ѺԹ¡ͧҧ ҧѺҹҷҧͭҤͧ ˵عҳҨѡᶺҾ ä ؾó Ҫ ҹ ѹҧطŻٻẺ¡ѹ  ŻͧѺŻž ֧ҨŻҹ)

 Ѻطȵɷ 繵 ʹҾطԹ¹ŧҧ .. ҡɡӾоطٻáзçʹѺʹعҹҧԧ áѧҡ繴·͹ҸաҧоطٻẺǴҧҧҧ ҪǧػӹҨ㹻վ.. ѵǧػçʹѺʹعоطʹҧԧʹǧػ еҪǧͧວ (.. -) ͹зѷҹèᵡᢹ˭ ֧繻ûѡѺԹҹѧ 觹˵طѧҢҴõԴͷҧѲҡԹ Թؤ¹ ѷʹ繻ûѡѺԹҹѧҧԴ ҹѹ繾طѹԡ ҹѺѪҹ ͹ӡѺѹ ҡѹ ǡѹҧҤͧ ᢹѺѲСѺطҹ ͧѧء ( . ѧ㹻ѵҹ) ѹͧԹҹ仡١׹ҹ㹷ش 㹴ԹᴹҤҧͧ ԹҹҷҡҹҡҷԹҹǹŧ ѡҹ֡ѹ ٧ͧž ѹ¾ѹ Ƕ֧ʧͧ ѹѺ(ҡ The Indianized States of Southeast Asia G. Coedes ˹ “֡ѡ˹ .. - Ѫ¢ͧѹ ԡͧ¢ͧطʹ (ҹѺʶ) о Ժѵ§ҧѹ”)

 Ҿٹ鹼Թ ·Ǵշ輹ѧѴ .ҧ .ҭɰ .ɮҹ ҾẺٻٹ٧ʶһѵ¡ٻ˹Һѹ ¡Ѻ˹ҾҤҧͧ ٻ˹ҺѹԹͺѪ Ҿ鹹ٹ٧ վоطٻµǻ鹵çͧç˹Ҷ躹׺ҧ վоطٻзѺ¾кҷҳ;طȵɷ - ŻзǴҧѴਹ վоطٻ觻ҧԪ¢ѴҸѺʶٻẺЦѧҹ˭ 鹤ҴЦѧ´͡ѹçҧ ѺԷԾŨҡŻл ʶٻẺʶٻػ ʶٻػ ҹҧͧЦѧеͧ鹵Ẻçк͡ 鹤ҴЦѧ繪ѴѺԷԾŻ ʶٻẺ͹֧֡ٻ鹴ԹԺ辺ѧᶺ 觷ӾоطٻẺػ ʶٻçЦѧҹ 繨شʧҾҹ 繪ѴŻФػ Żлмҹ ҨҨŻФػе͹·Ҥ оطٻ觢ѴҸҺ Ҩ ԷԾŻ͹ҸТͧѧͺ价ǴԹᴹó੾Ҥҧ ҡѧԹᴹҤ ٻ਴鹶Ҩѹɰҹ ٻҧ» ͡СǧԹ ԷԾŢͧеҡѴŻФػ ҧҨҧѹɰҹաٻ˹ ŻФػШҡԹµ͹˹ҨҼҹѺԷԾ͹Ҹѧҡ ͧͧ֡ѺҨҧ ʶٻЦѧ˭ͧѧŹ ѹ¡ѺŻ⢷¢ͧҹ ҨʶٻѲҡҨҡ¾طȵɷ 駷ȡҪԷԾžطŻТͧԹԹҹ Ẻʶٻ礧شЧѡ§ ͺҧ͹Ҹе͹ҨЪЧѡҴǧ ˵ طԹҹ͹Ҹբ͢ѴѺҹͧҧعçҨѹ ¢ҴõԴ׺ͧŻ ٻҹ鹷Ӣ¾طȵɷ ѹзŻлСѧԡسŻաšᶺ ʧҧ繸ͧ Żлѹռҹ

 ԩй Ҩ ŻẺػ觾طȵɷ - ѧѲҧͧ㹴ԹᴹԷԾҹ ֧Ҩ¹Żлҧ 㹨شǵ͡ѹ ͹¤繨ԧѴ駡ѺѲҡâͧŻ´ѧǢҧ

 ŻСû鹻ٹѴ . ҭɰ .ɮҹ 繵ǻѭӤѭ觹ѡҳйѡѵʵŻҨԨóҹԴѹ¤Ѵѧ ѧբͤԴաҧ˹觤ͧҹŻҹҨҧҹҹẺŻФػ ŻԹҹ ǵ»һѺŧ仺ҧǹ ͧ¨شѺѹѴ਴硺ٻٹ輹ѧ鹡Ẻ਴д

 ѭҹǡѺǻѭҷԴ ͧ .ͧ .ؾó ҷŻзǴջҡШѴШ· ਴Ţ ŻẺǴ 褧Ъشҧ仹ҹ ʶٻ·Ǵյ͹ͻе͹ҧѺҧ 㹢зѧҧóѧóǨͺѡҹ »Ѩغѹâشʶٻ觹 ֧Źѧѹ ͹仨ҡش 颹ҹѹҹ ʶٻ ֧ҨѴѹ ʶٻҧ ͧҷҡǹʶٻз駹 һѵͧͧ Ҷ֧Ǵյطȵɷ ҨФͧԹ¡ѺٹѹùҨҧ仪˹ عҹҶ֧¤ػ зشЧѡѹ» ҳطȵɷ ҡ鹡ҧ仴¤ ¹ŧʹӡѺءҹҡ ʹäкҴ ҧҧ˹繼ѹҡŻз蹢ҴЧѡ§ ͧ¡׺ͷͧؾó Ѩغѹ ŻẺž ѹҡؾóս觵ѹ͡ Ҩ¾طȵɷ ŻẺؾó ͷ¡ѹŻẺͧ ҡ觵ѹͧ ùؾóԫҹѺطȵɷ ׺ͧʹҵҺ鹡اظ ¡اظ ù鵡ͧ١ǧͧاظ ҳҨѡ繵 ѵҪǧؾóӹҨظҵ͹ ʴкҪҹҾӹҨ

 ǾѹѧҡѺԹᴹҤͧ ҨաõԴ͡ѹҵҳ ¡âطԹдǡ ҨѴç价ҧȵѹ֧ѧ· (鹷ҧ价ҧԹѧҳ 仨ҡͧҴѧ ) ҡйԴ Ҩͧ ѧͧӤѭͧ¡اظ ѧҡاᵡǾִ ) ҡҪٴйͧԴ͡Ѻѹѹ ) Сǻ ѧѴѧ ҧҹѹɰҹҨ鹷ҧ繨شͨ͡ҡѧա ѧѴклҡӡѹѧ 繵)

ѡҹ »ҳҨѡâͧԪ ѹ¹繻ѷǧ طȵɷ ѵѷǧҨӹҨѪԵҧ .. - ˵觡٭ӹҨͧԪ ѡѵʵᨧ ѹɰҹͧѡҳժǽ ͡ѹҳҨѡԪҪҹյѧҵ һվ.. ҳҨѡäҴ ءҹִͧͺ 駾ǡѧӡѻطѺԪ·Ǻͧ᤺СաѧӹҨ ѧҡҳҨѡҴӹҨ ֧ҳҨѡѪԵ᷹ ִӹҨҳҺdz繢ͧԪ ͧǵ͹ش´٪ҧºº͹蹡зѺ׹§觴ѧҶ֧ ȵ ·Ԫ¨鹪ҵʹҹ鹷ҧ˹ͤ ҳҨѡ⢷¡ѺظҡӹҨһҡ¹ͧ ͧͧͧҳࢵҧҤô件֧С 觹ҨФǺͧ᤺СҴ¡ѧ

 ͹Ѻѧ·ҳҨѡԪӹҨ 觨仴»С÷Һ ӹҹͧոҪ ¡͹ѹ˭ժ ԧ觾ͧҹҾҡ ö¡Ѿ仵ѧҶ֧ͧ ºѡҹ ҡ֡ѡ ոҪй ѹҹͧԧ ¡ú觡ѺѧҶ֧ͧ駤㹻 .. ˹觡Ѻ ա˹ ʴ¢ͧҨѹҹءǡѺ⢷¡ѧͧӹҨҧҤ˹з Ѻҧкҵ ոҪ ŻẺѧǧ ͧԧ㹨˵بչ ¡ “” ÷Ҩѹҹطçͧ ԧ 觻ѷǧеͧ繽·;طʹԹҹѧ͹պѹ֡Ҿһҡ ç¡ԵԤسͧԡصԧ иԵ ֧ç觢ͧʹѵ ѧҨѹҹ͢иԵѧѧ

 Ǵѧ ˹ѧͨǧ “;һáط Ҫѵ ѵ觡اҡ çй ѹҹ¡ѾҢ鹺 繾طʹԡ͡áŷêҡ鸹ҺҾظ ¡ִҢú¡ ǡҡзѧҨѺԹ Ҫ᷹ͧç骹Шҡеͧŧ˹ ǧա - Ҩѹҹ¡Ѿѧա ǹվǡѵҢͧѧҡѺǡҳ á ǡҡժ ҡ١ѧ ⴹվ˹ Ҩѹҹصͧʴ˹ҵʹ 駾ЭҵǧТͧҧ .....”

 ͧǡú觡 ѹҧѧҡѺѵѷǧ᷹Ԫ ͧ ԹҧԴ͡ѹдǡ´Ӻҡҧ ÷Ҩѹҹʴ令á ӹͧ 蹡Ѵ աѹ繻á֧ͨǧʧС
 ÷ѪԵҵҪҳҨѡ᷹ѷǧҧù ͹繻ѭӤѭ ѪԵѧӹҨҹ ŷشҳҨѡǹ˹觡աاظҨ ǹԹᴹش 礧ǹ˹觢ͧѪԵŧͧ
 

Żʶһѵ¡ͧԪẺ˹觤ͧиҵҡ ਴Ѵŧ ٻ ʹժԧʹҡẺиҵẺ价ҧ˹ 蹷⢷»з§ ਴Ѵѡ 繵 ͧҹŤҹ Ԫ ԷԾŢ仵褧ӹҨ ʹ¡ѹҧʹͧҨҧѹ Ҩդѹѹԧ ͧ˹ͤ֡ԴͧѨغѹ ѧеͧѡҹաҧѧѹһСͺ ԩй鹶Шŧ ҨҧԹҡ稨ԧѧԩйҨд¡¹ٻʹҾطҹҧԪ¨֧˵Ӥѭҧҹ 繨еͧẺἹŻʶһѵ¡çѪ¢ͧҳҨѡ⢷ ਴§ѹҧѴҸҵح਴ѡ ֧ҨѭѡɳͧҹӹҨ价ҧ˹ͨ ͨҡ਴ẺФẺЦѧҹ ֧᷹ѧŻҹͧԪ¹Ҩ׹§§ȵ ѧҡʹҾطԹҹѧҡ⢷¢ҳҨѡ§͹ ֧਴ѧҢҹ ҷҡѡҹѴШѹ 觻ҡҧ蹪Ѵ羺§ҹ ͡Ѵ ਴ǹѺԷԾŨҡ⢷·Ѻҡͧա˹ ਴ç٧Ỵ ҧ਴ẺҨẺͧ⢷·ѧԹҹẺء

 ѡҹ⢷¡͹ ͢عԹҷԵ ԴѺԷԾŨҡءҧԴ ѧ ǡպҢͧ⢷ᵡҧ仨ҡʶٻ਴ҧ ¸ ؾó ž 繺١ Цѧŧ ǡպҹẺἹѺҨҡҳҨѡþءҧѴਹ

 ÷ҳҨѡ⢷ѺطʹԹҹѧҨҡոҪ繻¾͢ع˧ ʴ¹ҨաâѴ駡Ѻءҧҹͧ ٹʹԹҹ֧¹Թҹѧ ٻѡ鹺Ѵժ ҨẺἹͧѧҧ ǹ÷਴ç ˭ʹ਴٧਴Ѵ਴٧ ਴ վоطٻҴ˭è਴ѹҾ͹ Ѵժ˭ǹҧͧ਴˭ͧ ·çѵ Ф٧ͧʶһѵ¡ѡɳСѺҹ਴ç٧ͧ⢷¾ʹ (ԨóҨҡǹѴ) ਴Ẻѹըӹǹҡ⢷ѺԷԾŨҡءҧ͹ͧ׹ѹ ⢷µ͹觡¹ŧҧ˭ǧ ˹ҹѧ蹻ҧŻ Ѵоǧ µѺŻԹҹءѹһҳҧ¡˹ȵ Ҥ繡ѺԹҹءҼҹѺҹŻѴоǧ Ҩ֧ѺԹҹѧҫ觵͹ժ§㹴Թᴹ觤ͷ е ¸ йոҪ

 ҧ⢷Ѥ㨷ѺѧҪѺФҨҡոҪ ʴ¸ҡѺеͧ觹աâѴ駡Ѻ⢷ؤ ǧ¾ҸҪ ⢷ؤöѺǡͭ ҨҾҿǻѵͭ蹷ç繾Ҫص¢ͧ͢ع˧

⢷¡Ѻ֧ͭԵҾҧի觡ѹСѹ ѧԹҹѧҨҡͭ⢷¡ѹ ʹҾطԹҹѧ§ѧͧҹͭҹ¸ ҹ⢷ §ա˹

 ŻѧҨ੾Թҹѧ Ҩ繵Ǵա ѹ蹹ҹԹҨФҴó §˵ѹǹԴǤ оطٻẺػТͧǴẺТͧǴշͧ¹ǹѴҸҺ ǡѺԹӤصûȢͧͧ¹ẺѴҸྪҧǨ֧դҤѺŻǴ ѧẺ͹Ҹҹҹ Ҷ֧¤ػСѺЫѺѲҡͧ觹ǡ礧ٻẺ˹ҵҡѺͻաµҧ Ƿѧִ蹤͡âѴҸྪ ѴҸҺ͹¹ѹ

 չ֧ջѭ Թ¤ػ 蹾ǡ ;ǡ ǹ繾ǡԹٷ駹鹨ŻǴèҡ͹ ͹ҸǴաѹ价ش͹ҪзѹԷԾ蹹ҹ
 

                                                  ʶٻ਴ҧ Ż͹Ҹ

 




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